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dc.contributor.authorReitsma, MBen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKendrick, PJen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAbabneh, Een_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAbbafati, Cen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAbbasi-Kangevari, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAbdoli, Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAbedi, Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAbhilash, ESen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAbila, DBen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAboyans, Ven_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAbu-Rmeileh, NMEen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAdebayo, OMen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAdvani, SMen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAghaali, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAhinkorah, BOen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAhmad, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAhmadi, Ken_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAhmed, Hen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAji, Ben_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAkunna, CJen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAl-Aly, Zen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAlanzi, TMen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAlhabib, KFen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAli, Len_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAlif, SMen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAlipour, Ven_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAljunid, SMen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAlla, Fen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAllebeck, Pen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAlvis-Guzman, Nen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAmin, TTen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAmini, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAmu, Hen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAmul, GGHen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAncuceanu, Ren_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAnderson, JAen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAnsari-Moghaddam, Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAntonio, CATen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAntony, Ben_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAnvari, Den_NZ
dc.contributor.authorArabloo, Jen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorArian, NDen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorArora, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAsaad, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAusloos, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAwan, ATen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAyano, Gen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAynalem, GLen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAzari, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorB, DBen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorBadiye, ADen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorBaig, AAen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorBakhshaei, MHen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorBanach, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorBanik, PCen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorBarker-Collo, SLen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorBärnighausen, TWen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorBarqawi, HJen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorBasu, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorBayati, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorBazargan-Hejazi, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorBehzadifar, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorBekuma, TTen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorBennett, DAen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorBensenor, IMen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorBerfield, KSSen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorBhagavathula, ASen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorBhardwaj, Nen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorBhardwaj, Pen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorBhattacharyya, Ken_NZ
dc.contributor.authorBibi, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorBijani, Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorBintoro, BSen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorBiondi, Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorBirara, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorBraithwaite, Den_NZ
dc.contributor.authorBrenner, Hen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorBrunoni, ARen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorBurkart, Ken_NZ
dc.contributor.authorButt, ZAen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorCaetano dos Santos, FLen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorCámera, LAen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorCar, Jen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorCárdenas, Ren_NZ
dc.contributor.authorCarreras, Gen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorCarrero, JJen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorCastaldelli-Maia, JMen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorCattaruzza, MSSen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorChang, J-Cen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorChen, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorChu, D-Ten_NZ
dc.contributor.authorChung, S-Cen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorCirillo, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorCosta, VMen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorCouto, RASen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorDadras, Oen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorDai, Xen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorDamasceno, AAMen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorDamiani, Gen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorDandona, Len_NZ
dc.contributor.authorDandona, Ren_NZ
dc.contributor.authorDaneshpajouhnejad, Pen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorDarega Gela, Jen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorDavletov, Ken_NZ
dc.contributor.authorDerbew Molla, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorDessie, GAen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorDesta, AAen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorDharmaratne, SDen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorDianatinasab, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorDiaz, Den_NZ
dc.contributor.authorDo, HTen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorDouiri, Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorDuncan, BBen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorDuraes, ARen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorEagan, AWen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorEbrahimi Kalan, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorEdvardsson, Ken_NZ
dc.contributor.authorElbarazi, Ien_NZ
dc.contributor.authorEl Tantawi, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorEsmaeilnejad, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorFadhil, Ien_NZ
dc.contributor.authorFaraon, EJAen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorFarinha, CSESen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorFarwati, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorFarzadfar, Fen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorFazlzadeh, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorFeigin, VLen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorFeldman, Ren_NZ
dc.contributor.authorFernandez Prendes, Cen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorFerrara, Pen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorFilip, Ien_NZ
dc.contributor.authorFilippidis, Fen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorFischer, Fen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorFlor, LSen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorFoigt, NAen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorFolayan, MOen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorForoutan, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorGad, MMen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorGaidhane, AMen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorGallus, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorGeberemariyam, BSen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorGhafourifard, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorGhajar, Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorGhashghaee, Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorGiampaoli, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorGill, PSen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorGlozah, FNen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorGnedovskaya, EVen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorGolechha, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorGopalani, SVen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorGorini, Gen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorGoudarzi, Hen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorGoulart, ACen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorGreaves, Fen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorGuha, Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorGuo, Yen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorGupta, Ben_NZ
dc.contributor.authorGupta, RDen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorGupta, Ren_NZ
dc.contributor.authorGupta, Ten_NZ
dc.contributor.authorGupta, Ven_NZ
dc.contributor.authorHafezi-Nejad, Nen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorHaider, MRen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorHamadeh, RRen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorHankey, GJen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorHargono, Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorHartono, RKen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorHassankhani, Hen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorHay, SIen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorHeidari, Gen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorHerteliu, Cen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorHezam, Ken_NZ
dc.contributor.authorHird, TRen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorHole, MKen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorHolla, Ren_NZ
dc.contributor.authorHosseinzadeh, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorHostiuc, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorHouseh, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorHsiao, Ten_NZ
dc.contributor.authorHuang, Jen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorIannucci, VCen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorIbitoye, SEen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorIdrisov, Ben_NZ
dc.contributor.authorIlesanmi, OSen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorIlic, IMen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorIlic, MDen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorInbaraj, LRen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorIrvani, SSNen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorIslam, JYen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorIslam, RMen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorIslam, SMSen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorIslami, Fen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorIso, Hen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorItumalla, Ren_NZ
dc.contributor.authorIwagami, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorJaafari, Jen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorJain, Ven_NZ
dc.contributor.authorJakovljevic, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorJang, S-Ien_NZ
dc.contributor.authorJanjani, Hen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorJayaram, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorJeemon, Pen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorJha, RPen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorJonas, JBen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorJoo, Ten_NZ
dc.contributor.authorJürisson, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKabir, Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKabir, Zen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKalankesh, LRen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKanchan, Ten_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKandel, Hen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKapoor, Nen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKarimi, SEen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKatikireddi, SVen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKebede, HKen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKelkay, Ben_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKennedy, RDen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKhoja, ATen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKhubchandani, Jen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKim, GRen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKim, Y-Een_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKimokoti, RWen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKivimäki, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKosen, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKoulmane Laxminarayana, SLen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKoyanagi, Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKrishan, Ken_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKugbey, Nen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKumar, GAen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKumar, Nen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKurmi, OPen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKusuma, Den_NZ
dc.contributor.authorLacey, Ben_NZ
dc.contributor.authorLam, JOen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorLandires, Ien_NZ
dc.contributor.authorLasrado, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorLauriola, Pen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorLee, DWen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorLee, YHen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorLeung, Jen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorLi, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorLin, Hen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorLinn, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Wen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorLopez, ADen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorLopukhov, PDen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorLorkowski, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorLugo, Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMajeed, Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMaleki, Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMalekzadeh, Ren_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMalta, DCen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMamun, AAen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorManjunatha, Nen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMansouri, Ben_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMansournia, MAen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMartinez-Raga, Jen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMartini, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMathur, MRen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMedina-Solís, CEen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMehata, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMendoza, Wen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMenezes, RGen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMeretoja, Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMeretoja, TJen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMiazgowski, Ben_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMichalek, IMen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMiller, TRen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMirrakhimov, EMen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMirzaei, Hen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMirzaei-Alavijeh, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMisra, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMoghadaszadeh, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMohammad, Yen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMohammadian-Hafshejani, Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMohammed, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMokdad, AHen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMonasta, Len_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMoni, MAen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMoradi, Gen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMoradi-Lakeh, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMoradzadeh, Ren_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMorrison, SDen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMossie, TBen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMubarik, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMullany, ECen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMurray, CJLen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorNaghavi, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorNaghshtabrizi, Ben_NZ
dc.contributor.authorNair, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorNalini, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorNangia, Ven_NZ
dc.contributor.authorNaqvi, AAen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorNarasimha Swamy, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorNaveed, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorNayak, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorNayak, VCen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorNazari, Jen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorNduaguba, SOen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorNeupane Kandel, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorNguyen, CTen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorNguyen, HLTen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorNguyen, SHen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorNguyen, THen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorNixon, MRen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorNnaji, CAen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorNorrving, Ben_NZ
dc.contributor.authorNoubiap, JJen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorNowak, Cen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorOgbo, FAen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorOguntade, ASen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorOh, I-Hen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorOlagunju, ATen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorOren, Een_NZ
dc.contributor.authorOtstavnov, Nen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorOtstavnov, SSen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorOwolabi, MOen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorP A, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorPakhale, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorPakshir, Ken_NZ
dc.contributor.authorPalladino, Ren_NZ
dc.contributor.authorPana, Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorPanda-Jonas, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorPandey, Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorParekh, Uen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorPark, E-Cen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorPark, E-Ken_NZ
dc.contributor.authorPashazadeh Kan, Fen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorPatton, GCen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorPawar, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorPestell, RGen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorPinheiro, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorPiradov, MAen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorPirouzpanah, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorPokhrel, KNen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorPolibin, RVen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorPrashant, Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorPribadi, DRAen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorRadfar, Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorRahimi-Movaghar, Ven_NZ
dc.contributor.authorRahman, Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorRahman, MHUen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorRahman, MAen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorRahmani, AMen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorRajai, Nen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorRam, Pen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorRanabhat, CLen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorRathi, Pen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorRawal, Len_NZ
dc.contributor.authorRenzaho, AMNen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorReynales-Shigematsu, LMen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorRezapour, Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorRiahi, SMen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorRiaz, MAen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorRoever, Len_NZ
dc.contributor.authorRonfani, Len_NZ
dc.contributor.authorRoshandel, Gen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorRoy, Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorRoy, Ben_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSacco, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSaddik, Ben_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSahebkar, Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSalehi, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSalimzadeh, Hen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSamaei, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSamy, AMen_NZ
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dc.contributor.authorSantric-Milicevic, MMen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSarrafzadegan, Nen_NZ
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dc.contributor.authorSchmidt, MIen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSchneider, IJCen_NZ
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dc.contributor.authorSchwendicke, Fen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSeidu, A-Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSenthil Kumar, Nen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSepanlou, SGen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSeylani, Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorShafaat, Oen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorShah, SMen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorShaikh, MAen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorShalash, ASen_NZ
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dc.contributor.authorSharafi, Ken_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSheikh, Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSheikhbahaei, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorShigematsu, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorShiri, Ren_NZ
dc.contributor.authorShishani, Ken_NZ
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dc.contributor.authorShivalli, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorShrestha, Ren_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSiabani, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSidemo, NBen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSigfusdottir, IDen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSigurvinsdottir, Ren_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSilva, DASen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSilva, JPen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSingh, Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSingh, JAen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSingh, Ven_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSinha, DNen_NZ
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dc.contributor.authorSkryabin, VYen_NZ
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dc.contributor.authorSoboka, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSoriano, JBen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSoroush, Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSoshnikov, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSoyiri, INen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSpurlock, EEen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSreeramareddy, CTen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorStein, DJen_NZ
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dc.contributor.authorStortecky, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorStraif, Ken_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSuliankatchi Abdulkader, Ren_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSulo, Gen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSundström, Jen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorTabuchi, Ten_NZ
dc.contributor.authorTadakamadla, SKen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorTaddele, BWen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorTadesse, EGen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorTamiru, ATen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorTareke, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorTareque, MIen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorTarigan, IUen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorTemsah, M-Hen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorThankappan, KRen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorThapar, Ren_NZ
dc.contributor.authorTichopad, Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorTolani, MAen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorTopouzis, Fen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorTovani-Palone, MRen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorTran, BXen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorTripathy, JPen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorTsegaye, GWen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorTsilimparis, Nen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorTymeson, HDen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorUllah, Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorUllah, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorUnim, Ben_NZ
dc.contributor.authorUpdike, RLen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorVacante, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorValdez, PRen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorVardavas, Cen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorVarona Pérez, Pen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorVasankari, TJen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorVenketasubramanian, Nen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorVerma, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorVetrova, MVen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorVo, Ben_NZ
dc.contributor.authorVu, GTen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorWaheed, Yen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorWang, Yen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorWelding, Ken_NZ
dc.contributor.authorWerdecker, Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorWhisnant, JLen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorWickramasinghe, NDen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorYamagishi, Ken_NZ
dc.contributor.authorYandrapalli, Sen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorYatsuya, Hen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorYazdi-Feyzabadi, Ven_NZ
dc.contributor.authorYeshaw, Yen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorYimmer, MZen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorYonemoto, Nen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorYu, Cen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorYunusa, Ien_NZ
dc.contributor.authorYusefzadeh, Hen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorZahirian Moghadam, Ten_NZ
dc.contributor.authorZaman, MSen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorZamanian, Men_NZ
dc.contributor.authorZandian, Hen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorZar, HJen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorZastrozhin, MSen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorZastrozhina, Aen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorZavala-Arciniega, Len_NZ
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Jen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorZhang, Z-Jen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorZhong, Cen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorZuniga, YMHen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorGakidou, Een_NZ
dc.date.accessioned2021-10-08T01:24:36Z
dc.date.available2021-10-08T01:24:36Z
dc.date.copyright2021en_NZ
dc.identifier.citationLancet 2021; 397: 2337–60
dc.identifier.issn0140-6736en_NZ
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10292/14565
dc.description.abstractSummary Background Ending the global tobacco epidemic is a defining challenge in global health. Timely and comprehensive estimates of the prevalence of smoking tobacco use and attributable disease burden are needed to guide tobacco control efforts nationally and globally. Methods We estimated the prevalence of smoking tobacco use and attributable disease burden for 204 countries and territories, by age and sex, from 1990 to 2019 as part of the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study. We modelled multiple smoking-related indicators from 3625 nationally representative surveys. We completed systematic reviews and did Bayesian meta-regressions for 36 causally linked health outcomes to estimate non-linear dose-response risk curves for current and former smokers. We used a direct estimation approach to estimate attributable burden, providing more comprehensive estimates of the health effects of smoking than previously available. Findings Globally in 2019, 1·14 billion (95% uncertainty interval 1·13–1·16) individuals were current smokers, who consumed 7·41 trillion (7·11–7·74) cigarette-equivalents of tobacco in 2019. Although prevalence of smoking had decreased significantly since 1990 among both males (27·5% [26·5–28·5] reduction) and females (37·7% [35·4–39·9] reduction) aged 15 years and older, population growth has led to a significant increase in the total number of smokers from 0·99 billion (0·98–1·00) in 1990. Globally in 2019, smoking tobacco use accounted for 7·69 million (7·16–8·20) deaths and 200 million (185–214) disability-adjusted life-years, and was the leading risk factor for death among males (20·2% [19·3–21·1] of male deaths). 6·68 million [86·9%] of 7·69 million deaths attributable to smoking tobacco use were among current smokers. Interpretation In the absence of intervention, the annual toll of 7·69 million deaths and 200 million disability-adjusted life-years attributable to smoking will increase over the coming decades. Substantial progress in reducing the prevalence of smoking tobacco use has been observed in countries from all regions and at all stages of development, but a large implementation gap remains for tobacco control. Countries have a clear and urgent opportunity to pass strong, evidence-based policies to accelerate reductions in the prevalence of smoking and reap massive health benefits for their citizens.
dc.languageenen_NZ
dc.publisherElsevier BVen_NZ
dc.relation.urihttps://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(21)01169-7
dc.rights© 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an Open Access article under the CC BY 4.0 license.
dc.titleSpatial, Temporal, and Demographic Patterns in Prevalence of Smoking Tobacco Use and Attributable Disease Burden in 204 Countries and Territories, 1990–2019: A Systematic Analysis From the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019en_NZ
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.rights.accessrightsOpenAccessen_NZ
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/s0140-6736(21)01169-7en_NZ
aut.relation.endpage2360
aut.relation.issue10292en_NZ
aut.relation.startpage2337
aut.relation.volume397en_NZ
pubs.elements-id432034
aut.relation.journalThe Lanceten_NZ


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